Skin Cyst Treatment | Illinois Dermatology Institute

The appearance of a large lump on the face or body is nothing short of alarming. However, while bothersome, a skin cyst – clinically known as an epidermoid cyst – is not inherently dangerous, though it can be sometimes painful and unsightly.

If a cyst has developed on your face, neck, back, or one of your extremities, it’s best to seek medical treatment to make sure it isn’t an indication of a more urgent disorder. The team at IDI offers highly effective treatments of cysts that can help alleviate your physical and emotional discomfort while restoring the health and clarity of your skin.


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What is a Cyst?

Skin cysts, or cutaneous cysts, are benign lumps that appear most often on the face, neck, or shoulders, though they can form anywhere on the body with abundant hair follicles. The most common types of skin cysts are called epidermoid cysts.

Epidermoid cysts form when the natural shedding of the skin’s cells is impeded. This results in the skin cells slowly creating a wall that collects secreted keratin. Over time, a lump will form, which can vary in size from a few millimeters to several inches around. Epidermoid cysts generally occur as the result of an injury to the hair follicle, though some genetic factors make certain people more susceptible.

Another type of skin cyst, though less common, is the sebaceous cyst. While some people use the terms “epidermoid cyst” and “sebaceous cyst” interchangeably, they describe different conditions. Sebaceous cysts develop as a result of a blockage or malformation of the duct through which sebum is released to the skin’s surface.

Skin cysts typically resolve on their own, though they can become quite large and inflamed without treatment. Any large and painful cyst should be evaluated by a physician to reduce the potential for rupture. Neither epidermoid cysts nor sebaceous cysts are fundamentally harmful.

Skin Cyst Diagnosis

A medical professional can diagnose a skin cyst after a physical examination, though a biopsy might be advisable in some cases.

Skin Cyst Treatments

Cysts that aren’t painful and inflamed typically resolve on their own. However, cysts that cause discomfort or continue to grow should receive treatment to minimize the risk of bursting.

Treatment options for cysts include:

  • Injections: Your dermatologist might inject an uninfected cyst with a corticosteroid to reduce inflammation.
  • Surgical removal: This involves the removal of the full cyst, including the cyst wall. The surgical removal of the cyst wall usually inhibits recurrence.


IDI offers the medical expertise and state-of-the-art technologies that help patients overcome a variety of concerns quickly and comfortably. If you have questions or concerns about any issue concerning the health of your skin, please call our helpful team to schedule a consultation.


For Effective Skin Cyst Treatment, Book An Appointment Today!

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